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Kidney Treatments

Kidney Health and Kidney Disease Basics

Types & Causes  |  Symptom  |  Risk Factor  |  Diagnosis  |  Treatment  |  Dialysis  |  Outlook  |  Prevention

What is kidney disease?

The kidneys are a pair of fist-sized organs located at the bottom of the rib cage. There is one kidney on each side of the spine.

Kidneys are essential to having a healthy body. They are mainly responsible for filtering waste products, excess water, and other impurities out of the blood. These toxins are stored in the bladder and then removed during urination. The kidneys also regulate pH, salt, and potassium levels in the body. They produce hormones that regulate blood pressure and control the production of red blood cells. The kidneys even activate a form of vitamin D that helps the body absorb calcium.

Kidney disease affects approximately 26 million American adults. It occurs when your kidneys become damaged and can’t perform their function. Damage may be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure, and various other chronic (long-term) conditions. Kidney disease can lead to other health problems, including weak bones, nerve damage, and malnutrition. If the disease gets worse over time, your kidneys may stop working completely. This means that dialysis will be required to perform the function of the kidneys. Dialysis is a treatment that filters and purifies the blood using a machine. It can’t cure kidney disease, but it can prolong your life.

What are the types and causes of kidney disease?

Chronic kidney disease

The most common form of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is


a long-term condition that doesn’t improve over time. It’s commonly caused by high blood pressure.

High blood pressure is dangerous for the kidneys because it can increase the pressure on the glomeruli. Glomeruli are the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys where blood is cleaned. Over time, the increased pressure damages these vessels and kidney function begins to decline.

Kidney function will eventually deteriorate to the point where the kidneys can no longer perform their job properly. In this case, a person would need to go on dialysis. Dialysis filters extra fluid and waste out of the blood. Dialysis can help treat kidney disease but it can’t cure it. A kidney transplant may be another treatment option depending on your circumstances.

Diabetes is also a major cause of chronic kidney disease. Diabetes is a group of diseases that causes high blood sugar. The increased level of sugar in the blood damages the blood vessels in the kidneys over time. This means the kidneys can’t clean the blood properly. Kidney failure can occur when your body becomes overloaded with toxins.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are another common kidney problem. They occur when minerals and other substances in the blood crystallize in the kidneys, forming solid masses (stones). Kidney stones usually come out of the body during urination. Passing kidney stones can be extremely painful, but they rarely cause significant problems.


Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the glomeruli. Glomeruli are extremely small structures inside the kidneys that filter the blood. Glomerulonephritis can be caused by infections, drugs, or congenital abnormalities (disorders that occur during or shortly after birth). It often gets better on its own.

Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder that causes numerous cysts (small sacs of fluid) to grow in the kidneys. These cysts can interfere with kidney function and cause kidney failure. (It’s important to note that individual kidney cysts are fairly common and almost always harmless. Polycystic kidney disease is a separate, more serious condition.

Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are bacterial infections of any part of the urinary system. Infections in the bladder and urethra are the most common. They are easily treatable and rarely lead to more health problems. However, if left untreated, these infections can spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure.

Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are bacterial infections of any part of the urinary system. Infections in the bladder and urethra are the most common. They are easily treatable and rarely lead to more health problems. However, if left untreated, these infections can spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure.

What are the symptoms of kidney disease?

Kidney disease is a condition that can easily go unnoticed until the symptoms become severe. The following symptoms are early warning signs that you might be developing kidney disease:

.Difficulting Concentrating
.trouble sleeping
.poor appetite
.muscle cramping
.swollen feet/ankles
.puffiness around the eyes in the morning
.dry, scaly skin
.frequent urination, especially late at night

Learn More : Kidney Function Test

evere symptoms that could mean your kidney disease is progressing into kidney failure include:

.loss of appetite
.changes in urine output
.fluid retention
.anemia (a decrease in red blood cells)
.decreased sex drive
.sudden rise in potassium levels (hyperkalemia)
.inflammation of the pericardium (fluid-filled sac that covers the heart)

What are the risk factors for developing kidney disease?

People with diabetes have a higher risk of developing kidney disease. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease, accounting for about 44 percent of new cases. You may also be more .likely to get kidney disease if you:
.have high blood pressure
.have other family members with chronic kidney disease
.are elderly
.are of African, Hispanic, Asian, or American Indian descent

How is kidney disease diagnosed?

our doctor will first determine whether you belong in any of the high-risk groups. They will then run some tests to see if your kidneys are functioning properly. These tests may include:

lomerular filtration rate (GFR)

This test will measure how well your kidneys are working and determine the stage of kidney disease.

Ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) Scan

Ultrasounds and CT scans produce clear images of your kidneys and urinary tract. The pictures allow your doctor to see if your kidneys are too small or large. They can also show any tumors or structural problems that may be present.

Kidney biopsy

During a kidney biopsy, your doctor will remove a small piece of tissue from your kidney while you’re sedated. The tissue sample can help your doctor determine the type of kidney disease you have and how much damage has occurred.

Urine test

Your doctor may request a urine sample to test for albumin. Albumin is a protein that can be passed into your urine when your kidneys are damaged.

Blood creatinine test

Creatinine is a waste product. It’s released into the blood when creatine (a molecule stored in muscle) is broken down. The levels of creatinine in your blood will increase if your kidneys aren’t working properly.

How is kidney disease treated?

Treatment for kidney disease usually focuses on controlling the underlying cause of the disease. This means your doctor will help you better manage your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels. They may use one or more of the following methods to treat kidney disease.

Drugs and medication

Your doctor will either prescribe angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, such as lisinopril and ramipril, or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), such as irbesartan and olmesartan. These are blood pressure medications that can slow the progression of kidney disease. Your doctor may prescribe these medications to preserve kidney function, even if you don’t have high blood pressure. You may also be treated with cholesterol drugs (such as simvastatin). These medications can reduce blood cholesterol levels and help maintain kidney health. Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may also prescribe drugs to relieve swelling and treat anemia (decrease in the number of red blood cells).

Dietary and lifestyle changes

Making changes to your diet is just as important as taking medication. Adopting a healthy lifestyle can help prevent many of the underlying causes of kidney disease. Your doctor may recommend that you:
control diabetes through insulin injections
cut back on foods high in cholesterol
cut back on salt
start a heart-healthy diet that includes fresh fruits, veggies, whole grains, and low-fat dairy
products limit alcohol consumption
quit smoking
increase physical activity
lose weight

Dialysis and kidney disease

Dialysis is an artificial method of filtering the blood. It’s used when someone’s kidneys have failed or are close to failing. Many people with late-stage kidney disease must go on dialysis permanently or until a donor kidney is found.

There are two types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.


In hemodialysis, the blood is pumped through a special machine that filters out waste products and fluid. Hemodialysis is done at your home or in a hospital or dialysis center. Most people have three sessions per week, with each session lasting three to five hours. However, hemodialysis can also be done in shorter, more frequent sessions. Several weeks before starting hemodialysis, most people will have surgery to create an arteriovenous (AV) fistula. An AV fistula is created by connecting an artery and a vein just below the skin, typically in the forearm. The larger blood vessel allows an increased amount of blood to flow continuously through the body during hemodialysis treatment. This means more blood can be filtered and purified. An arteriovenous graft (a looped, plastic tube) may be implanted and used for the same purpose if an artery and vein can’t be joined together. The most common side effects of hemodialysis are low blood pressure, muscle cramping, and itching.

Peritoneal dialysis

In peritoneal dialysis, the peritoneum (membrane that lines the abdominal wall) stands in for the kidneys. A tube is implanted and used to fill the abdomen with a fluid called dialysate. Waste products in the blood flow from the peritoneum into the dialysate. The dialysate is then drained Onitsuka Tiger -20% ADVERTISEMENT from the abdomen. There are two forms of peritoneal dialysis: continuous ambulatory peritonealdialysis, where the abdomen is filled and drained several times during the day, and continuous cycler-assisted peritoneal dialysis, which uses a machine to cycle the fluid in and out of the abdomen at night while the person sleeps. The most common side effects of peritoneal dialysis are infections in the abdominal cavity or in the area where the tube was implanted. Other side effects may include weight gain and hernias. A hernia is when the intestine pushes through a weak spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall

hat is the long-term outlook for someone with kidney disease?

Kidney disease normally does not go away once it’s diagnosed. The best way to maintain kidney health is to adopt a healthy lifestyle and follow your doctor’s advice. Kidney disease can get worse over time. It may even lead to kidney failure. Kidney failure can be life-threatening if left untreated. Kidney failure occurs when your kidneys are barely working or not working at all. This is managed by dialysis. Dialysis involves the use of a machine to filter waste from your blood. In some cases, your doctor may recommend a kidney transplant.

How can kidney disease be prevented?

Some risk factors for kidney disease — such as age, race, or family history — are impossible to control. However, there are measures you can take to help prevent kidney disease: rink plenty of water
control blood sugar if you have diabetes
control blood pressure
reduce salt intake
quit smoking

Be careful with over-the-counter drugs

You should always follow the dosage instructions for over-the-counter medications. Taking too much aspirin (Bayer) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) can cause kidney damage. Call your doctor if the normal doses of these medications aren’t controlling your pain effectively.

Get tested

Ask your doctor about getting a blood test for kidney problems. Kidney problems generally don’t cause symptoms until they’re more advanced. A basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a standard blood test that can be done as part of a routine medical exam. It checks your blood for creatinine or urea. These are chemicals that leak into the blood when the kidneys aren’t working properly. A BMP can detect kidney problems early, when they’re easier to treat. You should be tested annually if you have diabetes, heart disease, or high blood pressure

Limit certain foods

Different chemicals in your food can contribute to certain types of kidney stones. These include:
excessive sodium
animal protein, such as beef and chicken
citric acid, found in citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruits
oxalate, a chemical found in beets, spinach, sweet potatoes, and chocolate

Ask about calcium

Talk to your doctor before taking a calcium supplement. Some calcium supplements have been linked to an increased risk of kidney stones.

Everything You Need to Know About Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes. These are organisms that are too small to be seen without a microscope. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria, but some are caused by fungi and in rare cases by viruses. UTIs are among the most common infections in humans. A UTI can happen anywhere in your urinary tract. Your urinary tract is made up of your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Most UTIs only involve the urethra and bladder, in the lower tract However, UTIs can involve the ureters and kidneys, in the upper tract. Although upper tract UTIs are more rare than lower tract UTIs, they’re also usually more severe.

UTI symptom

Symptoms of a UTI depend on what part of the urinary tract is infected.
Lower tract UTIs affect the urethra and bladder. Symptoms of a lower tract UTI include:
burning with urination
increased frequency of urination without passing much urine
increased urgency of urination
bloody urine
cloudy urine
urine that looks like cola or tea
urine that has a strong odor
pelvic pain in women
rectal pain in men
Upper tract UTIs affect the kidneys. These can be potentially life threatening if bacteria move
from the infected kidney into the blood. This condition, called urosepsis, can cause
dangerously low blood pressure, shock, and death.
Symptoms of an upper tract UTI include:
pain and tenderness in the upper back and sides

UTI symptoms in men

Symptoms of an upper tract urinary infection in men are similar to those in women. Symptoms of a lower tract urinary infection in men sometimes includes rectal pain in addition to the common symptoms shared by both men and women.

UTI symptoms in women

Women with a lower tract urinary infection may experience pelvic pain. This is in addition to the other common symptoms. Symptoms of upper tract infections among both men and women are similar.

UTI treatment

Treatment of UTIs depends on the cause. Your doctor will be able to determine which organism is causing the infection from the test results used to confirm the diagnosis. In most cases, the cause is bacteria. UTIs caused by bacteria are treated with antibiotics. In some cases, viruses or fungi are the causes. Viral UTIs are treated with medications called antivirals. Often, the antiviral cidofovir is the choice to treat viral UTIs. Fungal UTIs are treated with medications called antifungals.

Antibiotics for a UTI

he form of antibiotic used to treat a bacterial UTI usually depends on what part of the tract is involved. Lower tract UTIs can usually be treated with oral antibiotics. Upper tract UTIs require intravenous antibiotics. These antibiotics are put directly into your veins. Sometimes, bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics. To reduce your risk of antibiotic resistance, your doctor will likely put you on the shortest treatment course possible. Treatment typically lasts no more than 1 week. Results from your urine culture can help your doctor select an antibiotic treatment that will work best against the type of bacteria that’s causing your infection. Treatments other than antibiotics for bacterial UTIs are being examined. At some point, UTI treatment without antibiotics may be an option for bacterial UTIs by using cell chemistry to change the interaction between the body and the bacteria.

Home remedies for a UT

here are no home remedies that can cure a UTI, but there are some things that you can do that can help your medication work better. These home remedies for UTIs, like drinking more water, may help your body clear the infection faster. While cranberries are a popular remedy, the research on their effect on UTIs is mixed. More conclusive studies are needed. Cranberry juice or cranberries don’t treat a UTI once it’s started. However, a chemical in cranberries may help prevent certain types of bacteria that can cause a bacterial UTI from attaching to the lining of your bladder. This may be helpful in preventing future UTIs

Untreated UTIs

It’s important to treat a UTI — the earlier, the better. Untreated UTIs become more and more severe the further they spread. A UTI is usually easiest to treat in the lower urinary tract. An infection that spreads to the upper urinary tract is much more difficult to treat and is more likely to spread into your blood, causing sepsis. This is a life-threatening event. If you suspect that you have a UTI, contact your doctor as soon as possible. A simple examination and urine or blood test could save you a lot of trouble in the long run.

UTI diagnosis

If you suspect that you have a UTI based on your symptoms, contact your doctor. Your doctor will review your symptoms and perform a physical examination. To confirm a diagnosis of a UTI, your doctor will need to test your urine for microbes. The urine sample that you give your doctor needs to be a “clean catch” sample. This means the urine sample is collected at the middle of your urinary stream, rather than at the beginning. This helps to avoid collecting the bacteria or yeast from your skin, which can contaminate the sample. Your doctor will explain to you how to get a clean catch. When testing the sample, your doctor will look for a large number of white blood cells in your urine. This can indicate an infection. Your doctor will also do a urine culture to test for bacteria or fungi. The culture can help identify the cause of the infection. It can also help your doctor choose which treatment is right for you. If a virus is suspected, special testing may need to be performed. Viruses are rare causes of UTIs but can be seen in people who have had organ transplants or who have other conditions that weaken their immune system.

Upper tract UTIs

if ur doctor susspect you as upper tract uti Blood count (CBC) and blood cultures, in addition to the urine test. A blood culture can make certain that your infection hasn’t spread to your blood stream

Recurrent UTIs

If you have recurrent UTIs, your doctor may also want to check for any abnormalities or obstructions in your urinary tract. Some tests for this include:
An ultrasound, in which a device called a transducer is passed over your abdomen. The transducer uses ultrasound waves to create an image of your urinary tract organs that are displayed on a monitor.
An intravenous pyelogram (IVP), which involves injecting a dye into your body that travels through your urinary tract and taking an X-ray of your abdomen. The dye highlights your urinary tract on the X-ray image.
A cystoscopy, which uses a small camera that’s inserted through your urethra and up into your bladder to see inside your bladder. During a cystoscopy, your doctor may remove a small piece of bladder tissue and test it to rule out bladder inflammation or cancer as a cause of your symptoms.
A computerized tomography (CT) scan to get more detailed images of your urinary system.

Causes and risk factors of a UTI

Anything that reduces your bladder emptying or irritates the urinary tract can lead to UTIs. There are also many factors that can put you at an increased risk of a getting a UTI. These factors include:
age — older adults are more likely to get UTIs
reduced mobility after surgery or prolonged bed rest
kidney stones
a previous UTI
urinary tract obstructions or blockages, such as an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, and certain forms of cancer
prolonged use of urinary catheters, which may make it easier for bacteria to get into your bladder
diabetes, especially if poorly controlled, which may make it more likely for you to get a UTI pregnancy
abnormally developed urinary structures from birth
a weakened immune system

Additional UTI risk factors for men

Most UTI risk factors for men are the same as those for women. However, having an enlarged prostate is one risk factor for a UTI that’s unique to men

Additional UTI risk factors for women

There are additional risk factors for women. Some factors that were once believed to be a cause of UTIs in women have since been shown to not be as important, such as poor bathroom hygiene. Recent studies have failed to show that wiping from back to front after going to the bathroom leads to UTIs in women, like previously believed. In some cases, certain lifestyle changes may help lessen the risk of some of these factors.

Shorter urethra

The length and location of the urethra in women increases the likelihood of UTIs. The urethra in women is very close to both the vagina and the anus. Bacteria that may naturally occur around both the vagina and anus can lead to infection in the urethra and the rest of the urinary tract. A woman’s urethra is also shorter than a man’s, and the bacteria have a shorter distance to travel to enter the bladder

Sexual intercourse

Pressure on the female urinary tract during sexual intercourse can move bacteria from around the anus into the bladder. Most women have bacteria in their urine after intercourse. However, the body can usually get rid of these bacteria within 24 hours. Bowel bacteria may have properties that allow them to stick to the bladder.


Spermicides may increase UTI risk. They can cause skin irritation in some women. This increases the risk of bacteria entering the bladder.

Condom use during sex

Non-lubricated latex condoms may increase friction and irritate the skin of women during sexual intercourse. This may increase the risk of a UTI. However, condoms are important for reducing the spread of sexually transmitted infections. To help prevent friction and skin irritation from condoms, be sure to use enough water-based lubricant, and use it often during intercourse.


Diaphragms may put pressure on a woman’s urethra. This can decrease bladder emptying.

Decrease in estrogen levels

After menopause, a decrease in your estrogen level changes the normal bacteria in your vagina. This can increase the risk of a UTI.

UTI prevention

Everyone can take the following steps to help prevent UTIs:
Drink six to eight glasses of water daily.
Don’t hold urine for long periods of time.
Talk to your doctor about managing any urinary incontinence or difficulties fully emptying your bladder.
However, UTIs happen much more frequently in women than in men. The ratio is 8:1 ).
This means that for every eight women who have UTIs, only one man does. Certain steps may help prevent UTIs in women.
For perimenopausal or postmenopausal women, using topical or vaginal estrogen prescribed by your doctor could make a difference in preventing UTIs. If your doctor believes that intercourse is a factor of your recurrent UTIs, they may recommend taking preventive antibiotics after intercourse, or long-term.
Some studies have shown that long-term preventive use of antibiotics in older adults reduced the risk of UTIs.
Taking daily cranberry supplements or using vaginal probiotics, like lactobacillus, may also help in the prevention of UTIs. Some studies ) suggest that using probiotic vaginal suppositories can decrease the occurrence and recurrence of UTIs, by changing the bacteria found in the vagina.
Be sure to discuss with your doctor what the right prevention plan is for you.

Chronic UTIs

Most UTIs go away after treatment. Chronic UTIs either don’t go away after treatment or keep recurring. Recurrent UTIs are common among women. Many cases of recurrent UTIs are from reinfection with the same type of bacteria. However, some recurrent cases don’t necessarily involve the same type of bacteria. Instead, an abnormality in the structure of the urinary tract increases the likelihood of UTIs.

UTIs during pregnancy

Women who are pregnant and have symptoms of a UTI should see their doctor right away. UTIs during pregnancy can cause high blood pressure and premature delivery. UTIs during pregnancy are also more likely to spread to the kidneys

Type 2 Diabetes and Kidney Disease

What is diabetic nephropathy?

Nephropathy, or kidney disease, is among the most serious complications for many people with diabetes. It’s the leading cause of kidney failure in the United States. According to the National Kidney Foundation, more than 660,000 Americans have end-stage kidney disease and are living by means of dialysis. Nephropathy has few early symptoms or warning signs, similar to other diseases associated with type 2 diabetes. Damage to the kidneys from nephropathy can occur for as long as a decade before the first symptoms appear.

Symptoms of nephropathy

Often, no symptoms of kidney disease appear until the kidneys are no longer functioning properly. Symptoms that indicate your kidneys could be at risk include:
fluid retention
swelling of the feet, ankles, and legs
a poor appetite
feeling exhausted and weak most of the time
frequent headaches
upset stomach
difficulty concentrating

Risk factors for diabetic nephropathy

Early diagnosis of kidney disease is essential for preserving good health. If you have prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, or other known diabetes risk factors, your kidneys are already overworked and their function should be tested annually.
Besides diabetes, other risk factors for kidney disease are:
uncontrolled high blood pressure
uncontrolled high blood glucose
high cholesterol
a family history of kidney disease
a family history of heart disease
cigarette smoking
advanced age
A higher prevalence of kidney disease exists among:
African Americans
American Indians
Hispanic Americans

Causes of diabetic nephropathy

Kidney disease doesn’t have just one specific cause. Experts believe its development is likely associated with years of uncontrolled blood glucose. Other factors likely play important roles as well, such as genetic predisposition.
The kidneys are the body’s blood filtration system. Each is made up of hundreds of thousands of nephrons that clean the blood of waste.
Over time, especially when a person has type 2 diabetes, the kidneys become overworked because they’re constantly removing excess glucose from the blood. The nephrons become inflamed and scarred, and they no longer work as well.
Soon, the nephrons can no longer fully filter the body’s blood supply. Material that would typically be removed from the blood, such as protein, passes into the urine.
Much of that unwanted material is a protein called albumin. Your body’s levels of albumin can be tested in a urine sample to help determine how your kidneys are functioning.
A small amount of albumin in the urine is referred to as microalbuminuria. When larger amounts of albumin are found in the urine, the condition is called macroalbuminuria.
The dangers of kidney failure are much greater with macroalbuminuria, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a risk. Treatment for ERSD is dialysis, or having your blood filtered by a machine and pumped back into your body

Preventing diabetic nephropathy

The main ways to prevent diabetic nephropathy include the following:
The best way to preserve kidney health is to watch your diet carefully. People with diabetes who have partial kidney function need to be even more vigilant about maintaining:
healthy blood glucose
blood cholesterol
lipid levels
Maintaining a blood pressure of less than 130/80 is also essential. Even if you have mild kidney
disease, it may be made much worse by hypertension. Follow these tips to help lower your blood pressure:
Eat foods low in salt.
Don’t add salt to meals.
Lose weight if you’re overweight.
Avoid alcohol.
Your doctor may recommend that you follow a low-fat, low-protein diet.
Based on your doctor’s recommendations, daily exercise is also key.
Most people with type 2 diabetes who have high blood pressure take angiotensin converting
enzyme (ACE) inhibitors for heart disease treatment, such as captopril and enalapril. These drugs also have the potential to slow the progression of kidney disease.
Doctors also commonly prescribe angiotensin receptor blockers. Other possible options for people with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease could be the use of a sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor or a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist. These drugs can reduce the risk of chronic kidney disease progression and cardiovascular events.

Stopping smoking

if you smoke cigarettes, you should stop immediately. According to a 2012 study published in the American Journal of Medical Science ), cigarette smoking is an established risk factor for developing kidney disease.

The Best Kidney Disease Blogs of the Year

Kidney disease is a serious illness involving the gradual loss of kidney function. Kidneys provide the vital function of filtering waste from the body. When your kidneys don’t work properly, this can trigger a range of symptoms that include:
Although kidney disease can be long term or chronic, it is possible to live a normal life with the disease. The information, support, guidance, and personal stories on these blogs give hope to those living with this condition.
This blog features a collection of articles and stories by writers who understand firsthand the effects of kidney disease. Whether they live with the disease or have a loved one who does, these writers open their hearts and offer encouragement to those battling the disease. For example, read about Michelle’s experiences supporting her boyfriend through kidney failure. Visit the blog.
Tweet them @Kidney_Research Kidney Research UK


Kidney disease doesn’t only affect adults, it can also affect children. DeeDee isn’t afraid to share her life and experiences caring for a child who went through kidney failure and transplant surgery. Read her story about meeting a donor’s mom. She’s faced different challenges, but approaches life with positivity and optimism

Kidney Today

There are so many personal stories related to kidney disease, and the American Kidney Fund’s blog puts the spotlight on individuals and families who understand this illness. Whether you need motivation, support, or a dose of reality, you’ll find many uplifting stories — such as accounts of surviving kidney disease with the help of a stranger.

National Kidney Foundation

The National Kidney Foundation focuses on awareness, prevention, and treatment. If you or a loved one has from kidney disease, this site has an abundance of information for those on the path to recovery. Read about foods to avoid if you’re on dialysis, or check out general resources, such as how to find kidney screenings, treatments, and prevention.